US standard 101 keyboard also known as Qwerty keyboard, and how to learn typing. A part of PowerTyping an online typing tutorial focusing on learning how to type on a QWERTY. Why is the keyboard called QWERTY? Look at your keyboard. The third row from the bottom and from the left reads Q-W-E-R-T-Y.

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The Basics of Typing
` 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 - = Backspace
Tab Q W E R T Y U I O P { } |
Caps A S D F G H J K L ; " Enter
Shift Z X C V B N M < > ? Shift
Space bar - use right hand thumb

Home row keys:
Left hand: A S D F
A - little finger S - ring finger D - middle finger F - forefinger
Right hand: J K L ;
J - forefinger K - middle finger L - ring finger ; - little finger
Thumbs of both hands are on space bar

Key board picture - has a color code. Keys of one color are typed by corresponding home row key finger. For example left hand little finger is above a home row key "a" and handles all the keys of the same color: A Q 1 Z shift key, tab, etc...
Home row keys of a keyboard - are keys above which your hands are positioned. You have home row keys assigned for each hand. From home key you reach to a key you want to type and return back to home key. Home keys are your base from where you reach out and return to. Usually, one of home keys, one for each hand, has a little dent which lets you know, without looking, that your fingers are positioned above the key board correctly.
Capital keys - To type capital letter you have two options. To type one capital letter press and hold down a "shift key" and press the desired letter. To type more capitals press the "Caps Lock" and continue typing. All letters will appear in upper caps. Note if you type capital letter with "shift key" and Caps Lock "on" it will appear in lower case. Keyboards have usually built in light which lets you know if your Caps lock is on or off.
Rhythm - you must learn to type with even rhythm. Good even rhythm will rid you of tension, anxiety and will minimize mistakes made. Instead of focusing on "quick where is the next letter" even rhythm will let you focus on what to type. If you slow down to achieve even rhythm you will in effect speed up.
Errors - acceptable number of typing errors is one error per minute regardless of how fast you type.
wpm - words per minute typing rate. Word is consider to be 5 key strokes including spaces. If you type 50 key strokes per minute your typing rate is 10 wpm.